Feeding your Whippet
Just Whippets Rescue recommends that you feed a high quality manufactured food such as (dry kibble) Futures, Burns, Skinners, CSJ, Autarky or Red Mills. Please avoid foods with added colourings and preservatives, e.g. Bakers, which are low in natural nutrients, high in filler content and can induce excitable behaviour due to the chemicals used in producing the colouring of the food.
Clipping your dogs nails
Knowing how to trim your dog’s nails is an important part of grooming process as well as for your dog’s health. Excessive nail growth can cause many problems for your dog. It can deform the foot, the dogs nails can get caught in things causing intense pain and nails can be ripped off. Long nails also add to the discomfort that arthritic dogs experience.
- Buy a good pair of dog nail clippers- human ones wont do the job!
- Find a safe and comfortable way to hold your dog. Some dogs do panic when they have their nails cut, so you may need someone else to help.
- A dog’s nail should always be cut at a 45 degree angle from the bottom of the nail up. To avoid cutting into your dogs quick it is better to make several small cuts with the clippers instead of one larger one.
- Talk to your dog and reassure it while clipping its nails. It will be more worried then you are!
- If you do accidental clip the dogs quick, you shouldn’t panic. Reassure the dog and apply some styptic powder to stop the bleeding
Heatstroke in Dogs
Heatstroke can be fatal. Do everything you can to prevent it.
Some dogs are more prone to heatstroke. For example, dogs with short snouts, fatter or heavily muscled dogs and long-haired breeds, as well as very old or very young dogs. Dogs with certain diseases are more prone to heatstroke, as are dogs on certain medication.
If dogs are unable to reduce their body temperature, they will develop heatstroke. There are some signs to look for:
- Heavy panting
- Profuse salivation
- A rapid pulse
- Very red gums/tongue
- Lack of coordination
- Reluctance or inability to rise after collapsing
- Loss of consciousness in extreme circumstances.
Heatstroke – first aid
If your dog shows any symptoms of heatstroke, move him/her to a shaded, cool area and ring your vet for advice immediately. Heatstroke can be fatal and should always be treated as an emergency. Dogs suffering from heatstroke urgently need to have their body temperature gradually lowered:
Immediately douse your dog with cool (not cold) water, to avoid shock – you could put your dog in a shower and run cool water over him/her, or use a spray filled with cool water and place your dog in the breeze of a fan.
Let your dog drink small amounts of cool water.
Continue to douse your dog with cool water until his/her breathing starts to settle – never cool your dog so much that he/she begins to shiver.
Once you have cooled your dog down you should take him/her straight to the veterinary surgery.
CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) is the process of breathing life back into an unconscious human. A similar technique can also work effectively on dogs.
The signs that indicate the need for CPR include unconsciousness, lack of arousal, lack of physical movement, or eye blinking. These symptoms can occur from drowning, choking, electrical shock, or a number of other situations.
The key to canine CPR is remembering the ABCs:
Airway, Breathing, and Cardiac compression.
To perform the three techniques, follow these steps.
Lay the dog on a flat surface on its right side and extend the head back to create an airway.
Open the jaws to check for obstructions, and if any exist and are not easily removed, do one of two things, depending on the size of the dog. For small dogs, hold them upside down by their back end and shake vigorously to try removing the obstruction. For large dogs, lay them on their side and, if necessary, use long-nosed pliers to remove the obstruction.
Cup your hands around the muzzle of the dog’s mouth so that only the nostrils are clear. Blow air into the nostrils with five or six quick breaths, again, depending on the size of the dog. Small dogs and puppies and require short and shallow breaths. Larger dogs need longer and deeper breaths. Continue the quick breaths at a rate of one breath every three seconds or 20 breaths per minute.
Check for a heartbeat by using your finger on the inside of the thigh, just above the knee. If you don’t feel a pulse, put your hand over the dog’s chest cavity where the elbow touches the middle of the chest.If you still don’t find a pulse, have one person continue breathing into the nostrils (mouth to snout), while another gives cardiac massage.
Give the dog a cardiac massage by placing both hands palms down between the third and sixth rib on the chest cavity. For large dogs, place your hands on top of each other. For small dogs or puppies, place one hand or thumb on the chest.
Use the heel of your hand(s) to push down for 10 quick compressions and then check to see if consciousness has been restored. If consciousness has not been restored, continue the compressions in cycles of about 10 every six seconds for 10 cycles a minute.
After each cycle of compression, the other person should give the dog two breaths of air in the nostrils. If only one person is present, this procedure can still be done successfully.
Once the dog has started breathing, contact a vet immediately.
All dog owners should be aware of the laws that govern dog ownership. Kennel Club Guide to UK Dog Law